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The German Airforce,ofcourse was abolished in 1918 after the first war which it had produced the highest scoring pilots,it held the upper hand over the fronts much of the time.
After the war eventough the numbers of the military crafts was limited by the conquers a rapid build up program was on the way before 1935.Ofcourse in this rapid program there was a glaring example of faulty planning.In 1935 the new German air force asked for new long ranged bomber prototypes.Junkers and dornier started on the project under the instructions of general Walther Weaver,chief of staff of Lutwaffe;but unfortunately for the Germans he died in an aircrash in 1936.Those who came after him like Kesselring and others... did not share the strategic vision and by the order of Milch the program was ceased.;untill the Stalingrad and at that time every thing was too late.
As did elsewhere Lutwaffe planners overestimated the defensive capability of one or two rear-firing guns.Not only the ju-87 but me-110,do-17,he-111 and the magnificent ju-88 was under-armed and under-armoured for the most of the allied fighters even in 1940.It was the heavy fire of the fighters which upset the theories of the designers.
As serious as the abandonment of the heavy bomber,in terms of cost to nation and war effort,was the Lutwaffe's failure to stress the fighter.Untill 1942 fighter production was very low.
The other fascinating 'might have been'in Lutwaffe was about the Me-262.Alttough it was desinged in 1941 becouse of Goering who ordered even not to talk about this project(according to him a plane without a propeller could not fly and spending money on this project is nonsense)this magnificent plane was produced in 1945 and this was not a mass production and again it was too late.
As it turned out,me-109 and fw-190 was the standard fighters.Both with some advanteges and this advanteges.Tough fw-190 was superior to me-109 becouse of air-cooled engine and aerodynamic frame,most of the aces preferred me-109 as it was handled more properly.
Morale among the German fighter pilots was unquestionably good during the war even in the last days.Lutwaffe victories consist of 70.000 victories at all fronts during the war.

Here are the aircraft of the Luftwaffe:

Dornier Do 335

do_335.jpg (17647 bytes) The Dornier Do 335 was the fastest piston-engined aircraft of the War. With a puller engine in the nose and a pusher engine in the tail, the Do 335 could reach a speed up to 470mph.

Messerschmitt Me 110

me1103.jpg (23665 bytes) The two/four-seat Messerschmitt Bf 110 served as fighter, night fighter and attack/bomber/reconnaissance aircraft from 1939 to 1945. The first model was planned in 1934 and the first prototype flew in May 1936. It was designed to act as a heavily armed escort fighter to protect bombers deep into enemy territory, neutralizing all opposition. Special Zerstörer (destroyer) wings were formed in early 1939, composing mainly of the Bf 110C's as they joined the Luftwaffe.

Messerschmitt Me 210

me_210.jpg (25275 bytes) The Me 210 and 410 served as fighter-bomber and reconnaissance aircraft from 1942 to 1945. Proposed to the German air ministry in late 1937 as a more powerful and more versatile successor of the bf 110, the Me 210 seemed on papar to be a very promising and extremely useful aircraft. A contract for 1,000 was placed before the first (with twin-fins) flew on 2 September 1939, but this was a huge mistake. The chief test pilot commented that the Me 210 had "all the least desirable attributes an aeroplane could possess."

Focke-Wulf Fw 190

fw190.jpg (39404 bytes) The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 served as single-seat fighter, ground-attack aircraft and even nightfighter between 1941 and 1945. The Fw 190 first saw action against Spitfires of the RAF in the spring of 1941. The first prototype was flown three months before World War II. British intelligence failed to detect the existence of the Fw 190 and believed that the only Luftwaffe fighters with a radial engine were some old captured French Curtiss Hawks.

Messerschmitt Bf 109

me109_f.jpg (16820 bytes) The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was the mainstay of the Luftwaffe fighter force throughout the war. It was being constantly updated to match the improving Allied fighters, and more Bf 109's were produced than any aircraft in the War except the Russian Il-2.

Messerschmitt Me 163

me163.jpg (20184 bytes) The Messerschmitt Me 163 was one of the many strange designs developed by the Luftwaffe toward the end of the War. The "Komet" was the fastest aircraft in the War and remains the only rocket-propelled aircraft to ever go to combat.

Messerschmitt Me 262

me262.jpg (20406 bytes) The Messerschmitt 262A1 was the perfect plane to any fighter pilot, as German test-flight pilot called it "flying with the angel's push." The 262 might well have turned the tide against the Allies had not Hitler ordered it to be converted to fast bombers.


Junkers Ju 86
ju86k.jpg (10817 bytes) The Junkers Ju 86 was originally an airliner, and served as a bomber with certain success in the Spanish Civil War. It also participated in the early part of the war but was soon withdrawn and later models were turned into reconnaissance aircraft.

Junkers Ju 88

ju885.jpg (16099 bytes) The Junkers Ju 88 was the Luftwaffe's jack-of-all-trades. It could carry a heavy bomb load and still travel at the speed of slower fighters. Various versions served as fighter, dive bombers, reconnaissance, torpedo plane, and suicidal bombs.

Heinkel He 111

he1116.jpg (24131 bytes) The Heinkel He 111 was designed as an airliner with the potentials of a fast medium bomber. In the Spanish Civil War it outran most fighters but it showed its weakness even against Polish fighters. Later models were converted to missile launchers.

Dornier Do 17

do17_2.jpg (27304 bytes) The Dornier Do 17, He 111 and Ju 88 were the three mainstays of the Luftwaffe bomber force. First conceived as a fast airliner, the "flying pencil" served well as a fast medium bomber. But it was plagued by the same problems of the other two.

Dornier Do 217

do2178.jpg (8846 bytes) The Dornier Do 217 was the improved version of the Do 17, and had a larger fuselage to house more bombs and fuel. It was the largest of the medium bombers built by Germany. Many other versions were also produced.

Heinkel he 177

he_177.jpg (14757 bytes) The Heinkel He 177 was the only long-range strategic bomber produced in significant quantities by the Luftwaffe. Probably the most troublesome warplane ever to go to war, the He 177 killed more Germans than British or Americans.

Arado Ar 196

ar196.jpg (24459 bytes) The Arado Ar 196 was the standard seaplane on all the major warships of the Kriegsmarine. Its main mission was to provide light air cover for the ship and do reconnaissance job or serve as gun observer.

Blohm und Voss Ha 139

bv139.jpg (17191 bytes) It was used as reconnaissance on ships and land for the german navy and air force.


Focke Wulf 200

fw_200.jpg (23384 bytes) The Focke-Wulf Fw 200 was developed as a long-range airliner and had achieved non-stop flights from Germany to New York and Tokyo. During the War the Fw 200 was converted to maritime reconnaissance because no other plane had the endurance.

Junkers Ju 87 'Stuka'

ju877.jpg (27378 bytes) Nicknamed "Stuka," the Junkers Ju 87 was the symbol of Nazi triumph throughout the war. From the beginning operations in Poland to the last day of the Battle of the Bulge, the many versions of Ju 87 served well as close ground-support aircraft.

Junkers Ju 52

ju52.jpg (24611 bytes) The Junkers Ju 52 was the workhorse of the Luftwaffe. It served from the beginning to the very end, and in every theater of war. The Ju 52 fought in multiple roles from airliners to bombers. At least one still serves in the Lufthansa today.

Arado Ar 232

232_2.jpg (9297 bytes) Used as a heavy transporter in the war used a lot in the eastern company but it was slow and was very easy to shoot down because of its speed.

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