German Airforce,ofcourse was abolished in 1918 after the first war which
it had produced the highest scoring pilots,it held the upper hand over the
fronts much of the time.
After the war eventough the numbers of the military crafts was limited by
the conquers a rapid build up program was on the way before 1935.Ofcourse
in this rapid program there was a glaring example of faulty planning.In
1935 the new German air force asked for new long ranged bomber
prototypes.Junkers and dornier started on the project under the
instructions of general Walther Weaver,chief of staff of Lutwaffe;but
unfortunately for the Germans he died in an aircrash in 1936.Those who
came after him like Kesselring and others... did not share the strategic
vision and by the order of Milch the program was ceased.;untill the
Stalingrad and at that time every thing was too late.
As did elsewhere Lutwaffe
planners overestimated the defensive capability of one or two rear-firing
guns.Not only the ju-87 but me-110,do-17,he-111 and the magnificent ju-88
was under-armed and under-armoured for the most of the allied fighters
even in 1940.It was the heavy fire of the fighters which upset the
theories of the designers.
As serious as the abandonment of the heavy bomber,in terms of cost to
nation and war effort,was the Lutwaffe's failure to stress the
fighter.Untill 1942 fighter production was very low.
The other fascinating 'might have been'in Lutwaffe was about the
Me-262.Alttough it was desinged in 1941 becouse of Goering who ordered
even not to talk about this project(according to him a plane without a
propeller could not fly and spending money on this project is
nonsense)this magnificent plane was produced in 1945 and this was not a
mass production and again it was too late.
As it turned out,me-109 and fw-190 was the standard fighters.Both with
some advanteges and this advanteges.Tough fw-190 was superior to me-109
becouse of air-cooled engine and aerodynamic frame,most of the aces
preferred me-109 as it was handled more properly.
Morale among the German fighter pilots was unquestionably good during the
war even in the last days.Lutwaffe victories consist of 70.000 victories
at all fronts during the war.
Here are the aircraft of the Luftwaffe:
Dornier Do 335
The Dornier Do 335 was the fastest piston-engined aircraft
of the War. With a puller engine in the nose and a pusher engine in the
tail, the Do 335 could reach a speed up to 470mph.
Messerschmitt Me 110
The two/four-seat Messerschmitt Bf 110 served as fighter,
night fighter and attack/bomber/reconnaissance aircraft from 1939 to 1945.
The first model was planned in 1934 and the first prototype flew in May
1936. It was designed to act as a heavily armed escort fighter to protect
bombers deep into enemy territory, neutralizing all opposition. Special Zerstörer
(destroyer) wings were formed in early 1939, composing mainly of the Bf
110C's as they joined the Luftwaffe.
Messerschmitt Me 210
The Me 210 and 410 served as fighter-bomber and
reconnaissance aircraft from 1942 to 1945. Proposed to the German air
ministry in late 1937 as a more powerful and more versatile successor of
the bf 110, the Me 210 seemed on papar to be a very promising and
extremely useful aircraft. A contract for 1,000 was placed before the
first (with twin-fins) flew on 2 September 1939, but this was a huge
mistake. The chief test pilot commented that the Me 210 had "all the
least desirable attributes an aeroplane could possess."
Focke-Wulf Fw 190
The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 served as single-seat fighter,
ground-attack aircraft and even nightfighter between 1941 and 1945. The Fw
190 first saw action against Spitfires of the RAF in the spring of 1941.
The first prototype was flown three months before World War II. British
intelligence failed to detect the existence of the Fw 190 and believed
that the only Luftwaffe fighters with a radial engine were some old
captured French Curtiss Hawks.
Messerschmitt Bf 109
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was the mainstay of the Luftwaffe
fighter force throughout the war. It was being constantly updated to match
the improving Allied fighters, and more Bf 109's were produced than any
aircraft in the War except the Russian Il-2.
Messerschmitt Me 163
The Messerschmitt Me 163 was one of the many strange designs
developed by the Luftwaffe toward the end of the War. The
"Komet" was the fastest aircraft in the War and remains the only
rocket-propelled aircraft to ever go to combat.
Messerschmitt Me 262
The Messerschmitt 262A1 was the perfect plane to any fighter
pilot, as German test-flight pilot called it "flying with the angel's
push." The 262 might well have turned the tide against the Allies had
not Hitler ordered it to be converted to fast bombers.
Junkers Ju 86
The Junkers Ju 86 was originally an airliner, and served as
a bomber with certain success in the Spanish Civil War. It also
participated in the early part of the war but was soon withdrawn and later
models were turned into reconnaissance aircraft.
Junkers Ju 88
The Junkers Ju 88 was the Luftwaffe's jack-of-all-trades. It
could carry a heavy bomb load and still travel at the speed of slower
fighters. Various versions served as fighter, dive bombers,
reconnaissance, torpedo plane, and suicidal bombs.
Heinkel He 111
The Heinkel He 111 was designed as an airliner with the
potentials of a fast medium bomber. In the Spanish Civil War it outran
most fighters but it showed its weakness even against Polish fighters.
Later models were converted to missile launchers.
Dornier Do 17
The Dornier Do 17, He 111 and Ju 88 were the three mainstays
of the Luftwaffe bomber force. First conceived as a fast airliner, the
"flying pencil" served well as a fast medium bomber. But it was
plagued by the same problems of the other two.
Dornier Do 217
The Dornier Do 217 was the improved version of the Do 17,
and had a larger fuselage to house more bombs and fuel. It was the largest
of the medium bombers built by Germany. Many other versions were also
Heinkel he 177
The Heinkel He 177 was the only long-range strategic bomber
produced in significant quantities by the Luftwaffe. Probably the most
troublesome warplane ever to go to war, the He 177 killed more Germans
than British or Americans.
Arado Ar 196
The Arado Ar 196 was the standard seaplane on all the major
warships of the Kriegsmarine. Its main mission was to provide light air
cover for the ship and do reconnaissance job or serve as gun observer.
Blohm und Voss Ha 139
It was used as reconnaissance on ships and land for the
german navy and air force.
Focke Wulf 200
The Focke-Wulf Fw 200 was developed as a long-range airliner
and had achieved non-stop flights from Germany to New York and Tokyo.
During the War the Fw 200 was converted to maritime reconnaissance because
no other plane had the endurance.
Junkers Ju 87 'Stuka'
Nicknamed "Stuka," the Junkers Ju 87 was the
symbol of Nazi triumph throughout the war. From the beginning operations
in Poland to the last day of the Battle of the Bulge, the many versions of
Ju 87 served well as close ground-support aircraft.
Junkers Ju 52
The Junkers Ju 52 was the workhorse of the Luftwaffe. It
served from the beginning to the very end, and in every theater of war.
The Ju 52 fought in multiple roles from airliners to bombers. At least one
still serves in the Lufthansa today.
Arado Ar 232
Used as a heavy transporter in the war used a lot in the
eastern company but it was slow and was very easy to shoot down because of
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