01 To resolve into elements or constituent parts - determine the elements or essential features of - to examine critically, so as to bring out the essential elements or give the essence (of a game).
02 Analysis: opposed to synthesis. This process as a method of studying the nature of a position or of determining its essential features. To examine the variations that may arise from the present position on the board.
Post-Game Analysis: “The move record of a game is only a witness. It easily produces an image of truth. Chess is difficult because a good game is a reflection of those who make it. When a player looks at his position, he sees with everything he is, with everything he knows. Knowledge, experience, and imagination enable him to do powerful creative work, or blunder mightily”.
French: to analyse - analyser
The detailed study of a position. Analysis Usually an examination of variations. Examples in the Analysis (link) section of the Canon. Calculating a series of moves and variations in a current position. You are not allowed to move pieces while analyzing a position in tournament play.