Recommended Reading

by Francine Nicholson and Kent Jewell


The following recommendations are designed to lead you through other reading after you complete this book. Note that the list includes only books currently in print and reasonably priced (under $85US). There are three main categories-Introductory, Intermediate, and Special Topics-with subtopics in each category.

Introductory Level


Barry Cunliffe, The Ancient Celts, 2000, Penguin USA (Paper); ISBN 0140254226

Miranda Green, World of the Druids, 1997, Thames & Hudson; ISBN 050005083X

Christiane Eluere, Celts: Conquerors of Ancient Europe, 1993, Harry N. Abrams, ISBN 0810928523

John Haywood, Atlas of the Celtic World, 2001, Thames and Hudson, ISBN 0500051097

Simon James, World of the Celts, 1993, Thames & Hudson; ISBN 0500050678

James MacKillop, Dictionary of Celtic Mythology, 2000, Oxford University Press; ISBN 0192801201

Bernhard Maier, Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture, 1998, Boydell and Brewer, ISBN 0851156606

Ruth Megaw, Vincent Megaw, Celtic Art: From Its Beginnings to the Book of Kells, 2001, Thames & Hudson; ISBN 050028265X

Sabatino Moscati, editor, The Celts, 2000, Rizzoli; ISBN 0847821935

Robert O'Driscoll, editor, Celtic Consciousness, 1982, George Brazillier, ISBN 0807611360

Stuart Piggott, The Druids, reprint, 1999, Thames and Hudson; ISBN 0500273634

David Rankin, Celts and the Classical World, 1996, Routledge; ISBN 0415150906

Anne Ross, Pagan Celtic Britain, 1997, Academy Chicago Pub; ISBN 0897334353

Shan Winn, Heaven, Heroes, and Happiness: The Indo-European Roots of Western Ideology, 2001, University Press of America; ISBN 0819198609

Mythology, Literature, and Pre-Christian Religion


Ann Dooley and Harry Roe, eds. Tales of the Elders of Ireland: A New Translation of Acallam na Senorach, 1999, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0192839187

Patrick K. Ford, editor and translator, The Mabinogi and Other Medieval Welsh Tales, 1983, University of California Press; ISBN 0520034147

Jeffrey Gantz, editor and translator, Early Irish Myths and Sagas (Penguin Classics), 1982, Penguin USA; ISBN 0140443975

Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson, editor and translator, A Celtic Miscellany: Translations from the Celtic Literatures, 1972, Viking Press; ISBN 0140442472

Thomas Kinsella, trans., The Táin: Translated from the Irish Epic Táin Bo Cualnge 1983, Oxford University Press; ISBN 0192810901

John Koch, editor, in collaboration with John Carey, Celtic Heroic Age: Literary Sources for Ancient Celtic Europe and Early Ireland and Wales, 2000, Celtic Studies Pubns Inc; ISBN 1891271040

Gerard Murphy, Early Irish Lyrics: 8th-12th Century, 1999, Four Courts Press Ltd; ISBN 1851821988


Commentary and Analysis

Hilda Roderick Ellis Davidson, Gods and Myths of Northern Europe, 1990, Viking Press; ISBN 0140136274

H. R. Ellis Davidson, Myths and Symbols in Pagan Europe: Early Scandinavian and Celtic Religions (December 1989) Syracuse University Press; ISBN 0815624417

Angelique Gulermovich Epstein, War Goddess: The Morrigan and her Germano-Celtic Counterparts, online dissertation at:

Robin Flower Irish Tradition, 1994 (reprint of 1946 ed.), Dufour Editions, ISBN 1874675317

Patrick K. Ford, translator, The Celtic Poets: Songs and Tales from Early Ireland and Wales, 1999, Ford & Bailie Pub; ISBN 0926689053

Miranda Green, Celtic Myths: the Legendary Past, 1994, University of Texas Press; ISBN 0292727542

Miranda Green, The Gods of the Celts, 1997, Sutton Publishing; ISBN 0750915811

Miranda Green, Celtic Goddesses: Warriors, Virgins, and Mothers, 1996, George Braziller; ISBN 080761405X

A.T.E. Matonis and Daniel F. Melia, editors, Celtic Language, Celtic Culture: A Festschrift for Eric P. Hamp, 1990, Ford and Bailie Publishers, ISBN 0926689010

Thomas F. O'Rahilly, Early Irish History and Mythology, 1984 (reprint of 1946 text), Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, ISBN 0901282294

Huw Pryce, editor, Literacy in Medieval Celtic Societies, 1998, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 1521570395

Alwyn D. Rees, Brinley Rees, Celtic Heritage: Ancient Tradition in Ireland and Wales, 1989, Thames & Hudson; ISBN 0500270392

Marie-Louise Sjoestedt, Celtic Gods and Heroes, translated by Myles Dillon, Dover Pubns, 2000; ISBN 0486414418 (formerly publihsed as Gods and Heroes of the Celts by various publishers)

Folklore and Folk Remains

All Celtic Areas

Walter Y. Evans-Wentz, Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries, 1990, Citadel Press; ISBN 0806511605



Bo Almqvist, Seamas O Cathain, and Padraig O Healai, editors, Heroic Process: Form, Function and Fantasy in Folk Epic, 1987, Glendale Press, ISBN 0907606458

Jeremiah Curtin, Irish Tales of the Fairies and the Ghost World [UNABRIDGED], 2000, Dover Pubns; ISBN 0486411397

Kevin Danaher, In Ireland Long Ago, 1997, Irish Amer Book Co; ISBN 085342781X

Kevin Danaher, The Year in Ireland, 2001, Mercier Press Ltd; ISBN 1856350932

Kevin Danaher, Folktales of the Irish Countryside, 1998, Irish Books & Media; ISBN 0853428492

Henry H. Glassie, Passing the Time in Ballymenone: Culture and History of an Ulster Community, 1995, Indiana University Press; ISBN 0253209870

Henry H. Glassie, editor, Claudine O'Hearn, editor, Irish Folk Tales (Pantheon Fairy Tale and Folklore Library), 1997, Pantheon Books; ISBN 0679774122

Isabella Augusta Gregory, Visions and Beliefs in the West of Ireland, 1995, Smythe, Colin Limited; ISBN 0901072362



Mary Beith, Healing Threads, 1997, Polygon; ISBN 0748661999

A.J. Bruford and D. A. MacDonald, editors, Scottish Traditional Tales, 1994, Subterrane; ISBN 0748661506

J. F. Campbell, D. MacLean, H. J. Rose, W. J. Watson, editors; John G. MacKay, translator, More West Highland Tales, Volume 1 1998, Birlinn Limited; ISBN 187474422X

Alexander Carmichael, Carmina Gadelica, 1992, Lindisfarne Books; ISBN 0940262509

I.F. Grant, Highland Folk Ways, 1998, Birlinn, Limited; ISBN 1874744424

Angus MacLellan, trans. by John Lorne Campbell, Stories from South Uist, 1998, Birlinn, Limited; ISBN 1874744262

Anne Ross, Folklore of the Scottish Highlands, 2000, Arcadia; ISBN 0752419048

Margaret Fay Shaw, Folksongs and Folklore of South Uist, 1999, Birlinn Ltd; ISBN 1841580082

Derick S. Thomson, An Introduction to Gaelic Poetry, 1990, Edinburgh University Press; ISBN 0748601279



Trefor Owen, Welsh Folk Customs, 1987, Gomer Press; ISBN 0863833470

Intermediate Level

Celtic Society and Law

Bettina Arnold and D. Blair Gibson, Celtic Chiefdom, Celtic State: The Evolutuion of Complex Social Systems in Prehistoric Europe (New Directions in Archaeology), 1999, Cambridge University Press; ISBN 0521585791

Miranda Green, ed., The Celtic World, 1996, Routledge; ISBN 0415146275

Michael Hechter, Internal Colonialsim: The Celtic Fringe in British National Development, 1536-1966, (reprint edition) 1998, Transaction Pub; ISBN 0765804751

Benjamin T. Hudson, Prophecy of Berchan: Irish and Scottish High-Kings of the Early Middle Ages, 1996, Greenwood Publishing Group; ISBN 0313295670

Fergus Kelly, A Guide to Early Irish Law, 1988, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies; ISBN 0901282952

Fergus Kelly, Early Irish Farming: a study based mainly on the law-texts of the 7th and 8th centuries AD, School of Celtic Studies, 1998, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies; ISBN 1855001802

J. P. Mallory, In Search of the Indo-Europeans: Language, Archaeology, and Myth, 1991, Thames & Hudson; ISBN 0500276161

Pre-Christian Celtic Religion

Sandra Billington (Editor), Miranda Green (Editor), The Concept of the Goddess, 1999, Routledge; ISBN 0415197899

Walter L., Jr. Brenneman, Mary G. Brenneman, Crossing the Circle at the Holy Wells of Ireland, 1995, University Press of Virginia; ISBN 0813915481

Miriam Robbins Dexter, Whence the Goddesses: A Source Book, 1990, Teachers College Press; ISBN 0807762342

Francis Jones, The Holy Wells of Wales, reprint edition, 1998, Books Britain, ISBN 0708311458

Bruce Lincoln, Death, War, and Sacrifice: Studies in Ideology and Practice, 1991, University of Chicago Press; ISBN 0226482006

Patrick Logan, The Holy Wells of Ireland, 1999, Colin Smythe Ltd; ISBN 0861400461

Celtic Mythology and Literature: Commentary and Analysis

James Carney, editor, Medieval Irish Lyrics selected and translated with the Irish Bardic Poet: A Study in the Relationship of Poet and Patron, 1999, Dolmen Press; ISBN 0851053602

Leslie Ellen Jones, Druid, Shaman, Saint: Metaphors of Celtic Paagnism, 1998, Hisarlik Press; ISBN 1874312273

Joseph Falaky Nagy, Conversing with Angels and Ancients, 1997, Cornell University Press; ISBN 0801483689

Joseph Falaky Nagy, Handbook of Celtic Mythology 2002, ABC-CLIO; ISBN 1576072274

Maria Tymoczko, The Irish Ulysses, 1997, University of California Press; ISBN 0520209060

Calvert Watkins, How to Kill a Dragon: Aspects of Indo-European Poetics, 2001, Oxford University Press; ISBN 0195144139

J. E. Caerwyn Williams, Patrick K. Ford, translator, The Irish Literary Tradition, 1992, Ford & Bailie Pub; ISBN 0926689037

Special Topics

Breton Social and Cultural History

Patrick Galliou and Michael Jones, The Bretons, 1996, Blackwell Publishers; ISBN 063120105X

Pierre Jakez Helias, The Horse of Pride: Life in a Breton Village, 1980, Yale University Press; ISBN 0300025998

Irish Culture and History

General History

Tony Crowley, Politics of Language in Ireland, 1366-1922: A Sourcebook, 2000, Routledge, ISBN 0415157188

R.F. Foster, editor, The Oxford History of Ireland Reissue edition, 2001, Oxford University Press; ISBN 019280202X

Philip Freeman, Ireland and the Classical World, 2000, University of Texas Pessr; ISBN: 0292725183



Peter Harbison, Pre-Christian Ireland: From the First Settlers to the Early Celts (Ancient Peoples and Places) Reprint edition,1995, Thames & Hudson; ISBN 0500278091

Barry Raftery, Pagan Celtic Ireland: The Enigma of the Irish Iron Age, 1998, Thames & Hudson; ISBN 0500279837



Thomas Bartlett, editor, Keith Jeffery, editor, A Military History of Ireland, 1997, Cambridge University Press; ISBN 0521629896

Lisa M. Bitel, Land of Women Tales of Sex and Gender from Early Ireland, 1998, Cornell University Press; ISBN 0801485444

F.J. Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, 2001, International Specialized Book Service; ISBN 1851821961

Doris Edel, editor, Cultural Identity and Cultural Integration: Ireland and Europe in the Early Middle Ages, 1995, Four Courts Press, ISBN 1851821678

Daibhi O Croinin, Early Medieval Ireland: 400-1200, 1995, Addison-Wesley Pub Co; ISBN 0582015650

Nerys Thomas Patterson, Cattle Lords and Clansmen: The Social Structure of Early Ireland, 1994, University of Notre Dame Press; ISBN 0268008000

Michael Richter, Medieval Ireland: The Enduring Tradition, 1996, Palgrave; ISBN 0312158122

Katharine Simms, From Kings to Warlords: The Changing Political Structure of Gaelic Ireland in the Later Middle Ages (Studies in Celtic History 7), 2000, Boydell & Brewer; ISBN 085115784X



John Ardagh, Ireland and the Irish: Portrait of a Changing Society Reprint edition, 1997, Penguin USA; ISBN 0140171606

Jonathan Bardon, A History of Ulster, 1993, Dufour Editions; ISBN 0856404764

John Conroy, Belfast Diary: War As a Way of Life, 1995, Beacon Press; ISBN 0807002178

R. F. Foster, Modern Ireland, 1600-1972, 1993, Penguin USA; ISBN 0140132503

Christine Kinealy, The Great Calamity: The Irish Famine 1845-52, 1997, Roberts Rinehart Publishers; ISBN 157098140X

J. J. Lee, Ireland, 1912-1985: Politics and Society (March 1990) Cambridge University Press; ISBN 0521377412

Cecil Woodham-Smith, The Great Hunger: Ireland 1845-9, 1995, Penguin USA; ISBN 014014515X


Irish Social Customs and Folklore

Patrick Logan, Jim O'Callahgan, illustrator, The Holy Wells of Ireland, 1999, Colin Smythe Ltd; ISBN 0861400461

Patrick Logan, Irish Folk Medicine, 2001, Appletree Press; ISBN 0862817676

Patricia Lysaght, The Banshee: The Irish Death Messenger, Reissue edition, 1997, Roberts Rinehart Publisher; ISBN 1570981388

Peter Narvaez, The Good People: New Fairylore Essays, Reprint edition, 1997, University Press of Kentucky; ISBN 0813109396

Sean O Suilleabhain, Irish Wake Amusements, 1999, Irish American Book Co; ISBN 1856351734

Maurice O'Sullivan, Moya L. Davies, translator, George Thomson, translator, Twenty Years A-Growing, (first published in 1933), 1998, J S Sanders & Co; ISBN 1879941392

Lady Wilde, Irish Cures, Mystic Charms, and Superstitions, 1991, Sterling Publishing; ISBN 0806982004

Sir William Wilde, Irish Popular Superstitions (December 1995) Sterling Publishing; ISBN 0806906499

Scottish History, Language, and Culture

T.M. Devine, Clanship to Crofters War: The Social Transformation of the Scottish Highlands, 1994, Manchester University. Press; ISBN 0719034825

John Donald William Gillies, ed., Gaelic and Scotland: Alba Agus a'Ghaidhlig, 1989, Edinburgh University Press; ISBN 0852246269I

F. Grant and Hugh Cheape, Periods in Highland History, Revised edition,1988, Shepheard-Walwyn Ltd; ISBN 0856830577

James Hunter, Making of the Crofting Community, New edition, 2000, John Donald/Birlinn; ISBN 0859765377

James Hunter, The Scottish Highlanders: A People and their Place, 1992, Mainstream Pub Co Ltd; ISBN 1851584439

Lloyd Laing, Jenny Laing, The Picts and the Scots, 2002, Sutton Publishing; ISBN 0750928735

John Marsden, Alba of the Ravens: In Search of the Celtic Kingdom of the Scots, 1997, Constable, ISBN 0094774307

R. Andrew McDonald, Kingdom of the Isles: Scotland's Western Seaboard, c. 1100-c. 1336, 1997, Tuckwell, ISBN 1898410852

Michael Newton, Handbook of the Scottish Gaelic World, 2000, Four Courts Press, ISBN 185182541X

Alexander Nicolson, editor, Gaelic Proverbs, 1996 (reprint of 1882 text), Birlinn, ISBN 1874744149

Eric Richards, The Highland Clearances: People, Landlords, and Rural Turmoil, 2000, Birlinn Ltd; ISBN 1841580406

John L. Roberts, Lost Kingdoms: Celtic Scotland and the Middle Ages, 1997, Edinburgh University Press, ISBN 0748609105

Marion Sinclair and Michael Newton, Hebridean Odyssey, 1996, Edinburgh University Press, ISBN 0748661972

Welsh History, Language, and Culture

Welsh History and Culture

John Davies, A History of Wales, Reprint edition, 1995, Penguin USA (Paper); ISBN 0140145818

Wendy Davies, Paul Fouracre, editors, Property and Power in the Early Middle Ages, 1995, Cambridge University Press; ISBN 052143419)


Welsh Language & Literature

Janet Davies, The Welsh Language: A Pocket Guide, 1999, University of Wales Press; ISBN 070831516X

Meic Stephens, ed., The New Companion to the Literature of Wales, 1999, University of Wales Press, ISBN 0708313833

Celtic Christianity

Lisa M. Bitel, Isle of the Saints: Monastic Settlement and Christian Community in Early Ireland (January 1994) Cornell University Press; ISBN 0801481570

Oliver Davies, editor, Thomas O'Loughlin, editor, Celtic Spirituality (Classics of Western Spirituality), 2000, Paulist Press; ISBN 0809138948

Peter Harbison, Pilgrimage in Ireland: The Monuments and the People, 1995, Syracuse University Press; ISBN 0815602650

James F. Kenney, The Sources for the Early History of Ireland: Ecclesiastical: An Introduction and Guide, Reprint edition, 1993, International Specialized Book Service; ISBN 1851821155

Mary Low, Celtic Christianity and Nature: Early Irish and Hebridean Traditions, 1997, Edinburgh University Press; ISBN 0748607722

James P. Mackey, editor, Introduction to Celtic Christianity, 1993, Clark, T. & T.; ISBN 0567295079

Thomas O'Loughlin, Celtic Theology: Humanity, World and God in Early Irish Writings, 2000, Continuum; ISBN 0826448712

Richard Sharpe, Adomnan of Iona: Life of Columba 1995, Penguin USA (Paper); ISBN 0140444629

John Skinner, translator, The Confession of Saint Patrick: And, Letter to Coroticus by Saint Patrick, 1998, Doubleday; ISBN 0385491638

Marina Smyth, Understanding the Universe in Seventh-Century Ireland, 1996, Boydell Press, ISBN 0851153135

Indo-European Heritage

Robert S.P. Beekes, Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction, 1995, John Benjamin's Publishing Co., ISBN 1556195052

Wouter W. BelierDecayed Gods: Origin and Development of Georges Dumezil's 'Ideologie Tripartie' (Studies in Greek and Roman Religion, Vol 7), 1997, Brill Academic Publishers; ISBN: 9004094873

Richard Braxton, Onians, Origins of European Thought: About the Body, the Mind, the Soul, the World, Time and Fate, 1988 (reprint of 1951 ed.), ISBN 0521347947

Carl Darling Buck, A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principle Indo-European Languages, 1988, University of Chicago Press; ISBN 0226079376

Ken Dowden, European Paganism: The Realities of Cult from Antiquity to the Middle Ages, 2000, Routledge, ISBN 0415120349

Wendy, Doniger O'Flaherty, Women, Androgynes, and Other Mythical Beasts, 1982, University of Chicago Press; ISBN 0226618501

Jaan Puhvel, Comparative Mythology, 1989, The Johns Hopkins University Press; ISBN 0801839386

Pearson, Roger, editor, Perspectives on Indo-European Language, Culture and Religion: Studies in Honor of Edgar C. Polome, Institute for the Study of Man, 1991, ISBN 0941694372

Anthropological Dimensions of Ritual and Mythology

Catherine M. Bell, Ritual: Perspectives and Dimensions, 1997, Oxford University Press; ISBN 0195110528

Catherine Bell, Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice, 1995, Oxford University Press (Sd); ISBN 0195076133


Claude Levi-Strauss, Wendy Doniger, Myth and Meaning, 1995, Schocken Books; ISBN 0805210385

Claude Levi-Strauss, The Raw and the Cooked: Introduction to a Science of Mythology, 1983, University of Chicago Press; ISBN 0226474879

Bruce Lincoln, Theorizing Myth: Narrative, Ideology, and Scholarship, University of Chicago Press, 2000, ISBN 0226482022

Jeremy Narby and Francis Huxley, editors, Shamans Through Time: 500 Years on the Path to Knowledge, 2001, Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam, ISBN 1585420913

Victor Turner, From Ritual to Theatre: The Human Seriousness of Play, 1982, PAJ Publications, ISBN 0933826176

Victor Turner, The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure (Lewis Henry Morgan Lectures), 1995, Aldine De Gruyter; ISBN 0202011909

Celtic Cultural Revival

Amy Hale (Editor), Philip Payton (Editor), New Directions in Celtic Studies, 2001, University of Exeter Press; ISBN 0859895874

Sharon McDonald, Reimagining Culture: Histories, Identities and the Gaelic Renaissance, 1997, New York University Press; ISBN 1859739857

Celtic Diaspora

Margaret Bennett, Last Stronghold: Scottish Gaelic Traditions in Newfoundland, 1989, Breakwater Books, 0920911382

Margaret Bennett, Oatmeal and the Catechism, 1998, John Donald Publishers, 0859764613

Marjory Harper and Michael Vance, editors, Myth, Migration and the Making of Memory: Scotia and Nova Scotia c. 1700-1990, John Donald Publishers, 0859765210

James Hunter, A Dance Called America: The Scottish Highlands, the United States and Canada, 1994, Mainstream Publishing, 1-85158-639-3

James Hunter, Glencoe and the Indians, 1996, Mainstream Publishing, 1-85158-829-9

James Hunter, Scottish Highlanders, Indian Peoples: Thirty Generations of a Montana Family, 1997, Montana Historical Society, 0917298527

Joe Neil MacNeil, John W. Shaw, editor, Tales until Dawn: The World of a Cape Breton Gaelic Story-Teller (English only), 1987, McGill-Queens University Press; ISBN 0773505601; Gaelic and English edition (hardcover), 1987; McGill-Queens University Press; ISBN 0773505598