Genealogy Research Service Ireland by Bruce Chandler Bruce
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Probates & Wills Estate Records Deeds & Leases Marriage Licence Bonds
Headstone Inscriptions Church Tithes Catholic Parish Records Protestant Parish Records
Griffith Valuations Civil Births, Marriages, Deaths Censuses Electoral Registers
Newspapers Maps More Dublin Records Dublin Archives & Libraries
Tithes were a tax on land, payable by all tenant occupiers. The proceeds were used to sustain the established protestant church although there is evidence that catholics had a say at protestant vestry meetings on how money was spent. After much dissent by the majority cathloic population to this unfair tax, the government replaced tithes with rates on land, which new system came in the existence in 1852 - The Griffith Valuation.
The genealogy obtained from tithes is that they show first and surname of the occupier, listed alphabetically in individual townlands within a parish. They are the earliest complete picture of land occupancy in Ireland. They provide detail of acreage with occupiers' land divided by quality, better land attracting a higher tithe. It is not possible to work out where each holding was within a townland. For this we have to wait until Griffith Valuation, where maps showed exactly where each holding was.

First Step Guide to using Tithes
O'Mahony extracted all the surnames of occupiers for both the 1826 Tithes and the 1854 Griffith valuation. He did this county by county producing 32 index books of surnames arranged alphabetically. In each book main index he showed the number of times a particular surname appears for each barony of the county in both returns. Using this index you move to a barony index and from it to a parish index. After that you go to the return data. These red coloured index books are on the Reading Room shelves of both
National Library and National Archives.

Tithe records for year 1826 are available on microfilm in National Archives. Sometimes they can be for years slighly later.

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